More carmakers caught in headlights of VW engine-rigging scandal

More carmakers caught in headlights of VW engine-rigging scandal
Volkswagen has admitted it installed illegal software into 11 million 2.0 liter and 3.0 liter diesel engines worldwide (AFP Photo/Josh Edelson)

Volkswagen emissions scandal

Iran's 'catastrophic mistake': Speculation, pressure, then admission

Iran's 'catastrophic mistake': Speculation, pressure, then admission
Analsyts say it is irresponsible to link the crash of a Ukraine International Airline Boeing 737-800 to the 737 MAX accidents (AFP Photo/INA FASSBENDER)

Missing MH370 likely to have disintegrated mid-flight: experts

Missing MH370 likely to have disintegrated mid-flight: experts
A Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 commercial jet.

QZ8501 (AirAsia)

Leaders see horror of French Alps crash as probe gathers pace

"The Recalibration of Awareness – Apr 20/21, 2012 (Kryon channeled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Old Energy, Recalibration Lectures, God / Creator, Religions/Spiritual systems (Catholic Church, Priests/Nun’s, Worship, John Paul Pope, Women in the Church otherwise church will go, Current Pope won’t do it), Middle East, Jews, Governments will change (Internet, Media, Democracies, Dictators, North Korea, Nations voted at once), Integrity (Businesses, Tobacco Companies, Bankers/ Financial Institutes, Pharmaceutical company to collapse), Illuminati (Started in Greece, with Shipping, Financial markets, Stock markets, Pharmaceutical money (fund to build Africa, to develop)), Shift of Human Consciousness, (Old) Souls, Women, Masters to/already come back, Global Unity.... etc.) - (Text version)

… The Shift in Human Nature

You're starting to see integrity change. Awareness recalibrates integrity, and the Human Being who would sit there and take advantage of another Human Being in an old energy would never do it in a new energy. The reason? It will become intuitive, so this is a shift in Human Nature as well, for in the past you have assumed that people take advantage of people first and integrity comes later. That's just ordinary Human nature.

In the past, Human nature expressed within governments worked like this: If you were stronger than the other one, you simply conquered them. If you were strong, it was an invitation to conquer. If you were weak, it was an invitation to be conquered. No one even thought about it. It was the way of things. The bigger you could have your armies, the better they would do when you sent them out to conquer. That's not how you think today. Did you notice?

Any country that thinks this way today will not survive, for humanity has discovered that the world goes far better by putting things together instead of tearing them apart. The new energy puts the weak and strong together in ways that make sense and that have integrity. Take a look at what happened to some of the businesses in this great land (USA). Up to 30 years ago, when you started realizing some of them didn't have integrity, you eliminated them. What happened to the tobacco companies when you realized they were knowingly addicting your children? Today, they still sell their products to less-aware countries, but that will also change.

What did you do a few years ago when you realized that your bankers were actually selling you homes that they knew you couldn't pay for later? They were walking away, smiling greedily, not thinking about the heartbreak that was to follow when a life's dream would be lost. Dear American, you are in a recession. However, this is like when you prune a tree and cut back the branches. When the tree grows back, you've got control and the branches will grow bigger and stronger than they were before, without the greed factor. Then, if you don't like the way it grows back, you'll prune it again! I tell you this because awareness is now in control of big money. It's right before your eyes, what you're doing. But fear often rules. …

Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Djoni Bustan: Biofuel maker facing constraints

Khairul Saleh, The Jakarta Post, Palembang, South Sumatra

For one couple, four years of research and experiments have come to fruition, with very positive results.

Djoni Bustan, who has a PhD in mechanical engineering, and his wife Sri Haryati, have created a number of different kinds of biofuels from crude palm oil (CPO), sugarcane residue, coal and castor seeds -- with coal and CPO-based fuel in the trial stage.

Their series of experiments with CPO produced the general types of fuel needed like bio-gasoline, bio-kerosene and biodiesel, through three reactors, which are capable of converting triglycerides into a paraffin, olefin, naphtene and aromatic (PONA) compound.

The quality of Djoni's biofuel is higher than market products (of state oil and gas firm Pertamina), with various advantages.

The process of manufacturing biodiesel using renewable resources generally requires a single-step transesterification reaction.

But the biofuel is not immediately ready for use.

Djoni's biodiesel is ready for use, with physical properties resembling those of Pertamina's diesel oil, because his machines can change CPO into PONA.

This biodiesel also has higher aromatic and octane numbers than Pertamina diesel.

"Now we are only making improvements, such as in combustion stability, through our demo plant," Djoni said.

"Combustion trials have shown that our fuel burns faster than market products."

Previous laboratory tests and the current pilot plant experiments have shown his biofuel is a promising but costly alternative fuel.

The completion of this demo-plant phase will take a maximum period of six months and require more funds.

The economic side of this innovation can be ascertained only after the present demo stage, with mass production to follow.

"The problem is that the local CPO price is unstable. The government should aim to bring down the price of renewable energy," he said.

Djoni is chairman of the South Sumatra Council of Experts and said he was optimistic once biofuel is widely marketed, it will buffer the fuel supply and the nation will be independent in the field of energy.

He said biofuel should be produced in rural areas, where the raw materials are produced, before being delivered to cities. Though investors are interested in biofuel production, the unstable price of CPO has prompted most of them to cancel or postpone their plans.

Djoni said if the central government and the oil palm business association could not control the price of CPO, any attempt to manufacture biofuel from CPO would be futile, because of its uncompetitive price.

Gasoline is now priced at Rp 4,500 per liter compared to Rp 7,000 for CPO.

"With the CPO price uncertainty today, investors' CPO-based fuel production schemes will not materialize," he said.

While anticipating favorable policies, Djoni said he hoped the South Sumatra provincial administration would issue a regional bylaw requiring oil palm estate companies to build biofuel plants on their plantations.

"It would be an unusual policy, but the central government in fact has not made such a rule yet," he said.

The couple continues to conduct trials and explore the possibility of cooperation with estates.

In Djoni's view, estate firms will suffer no losses with the presence of biofuel plants because their estates and CPO-based fuel processing units are integrated.

"Ideally, the plants become one with the estate environment so that plantation waste can be utilized and the distribution of fuel products will meet the demand of local people as well.

"If this happens, villages will likely develop into centers of energy sources," Djoni said.

He said he is registering his novel products for intellectual property rights.

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